Risk Factors associated with Deformational Plagiocephaly

What is Deformational Plagiocephaly?

Commonly known as Flat Head Syndrome, deformational plagiocephaly is where the baby's head has an irregular shape caused by external forces. This can occur while the baby is still in the womb or develop after birth.

What are the risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly?

Babies can be at risk for deformational plagiocephaly in the womb. These risk factors include:

  • Pressure inside a uterus that is crowded, as in multiple births.
  • Unusual fetal positioning, sometimes caused by the baby resting after dropping in the mother's pelvis.
  • Unusually large babies

Other risk factors include being the first born child, male, method of feeding, positioning during bottle feeding and tummy time when awake. 

What is the most common risk factor for plagiocephaly?

Perhaps the most common risk factor for plagiocephaly is sleep position. As the baby's head flattens, it will naturally rest on that flat area, exacerbating the problem.

To help lower the risk of deformational plagiocephaly, babies should spend time on their tummies and adjust the position of the head while sleeping, while still maintaining sleeping on their back. 

Additionally, switching arms for bottle feeding will also help reduce the risk factors. 

Crescent eases the transition from #WombtoWorld by safely mimicking the ergonomics of being held. Our patented technology cradles infants the way nature intended, providing healthy weight distribution for their tiny body. Crescent Womb’s unique design relieves pressure from the back of the head, limiting known environmental risks of Flat Head Syndrome.





DeGrazia M, Ahtam B, Rogers-Vizena CR, Proctor M, Porter C, Vyas R, Laurentys CT, Bergling E, McLaughlin K, Grant PE. Brain characteristics noted prior to and following cranial orthotic treatment. Child Neurology Open. 2020; 7:1-11.

Linz C, Kunz F, Bohm H, Schweitzer T. Positional skull deformities- etiology, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2017; 114: 535-42.


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